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Lung Diseases

Notes: GEN; prefer specifics; inflamm dis = PNEUMONIA; lung collapse = ATELECTASIS

Lung Diseases Categories.
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia - A chronic lung disease appearing in certain newborn infants treated for RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN with mechanical ventilation and elevated concentration of inspired oxygen.
Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital - A developmental anomaly that usually becomes apparent in the neonatal period with progressive respiratory distress. This malformation is a focal pulmonary dysplasia characterized by a multicystic mass of terminal bronchiolar structures. CCAM is classified into 3 separate types (I, II, III) depending on cyst size.
Granuloma, Plasma Cell, Pulmonary - A pseudotumor of the lung composed of inflammatory cells and showing complete maturity of fibroblastic components with a striking lack of mitosis. It is also called postinflammatory pseudotumor and pseudoneoplastic pneumonitis. (Surg Gynecol Obstet 1983 Jan;156(1):89-96)
Hemoptysis - Bronchial hemorrhage manifested with spitting of blood.
Lung Diseases, Interstitial - A heterogeneous group of noninfectious, nonmalignant disorders of the lower respiratory tract, affecting primarily the alveolar wall structures but also often involving the small airways and blood vessels of the lung parenchyma. "Interstitial" refers to the fact that the interstitium of the alveolar walls is thickened, usually by fibrosis. This group of diseases is usually inflammatory. (Dorland, 27th ed; Wyngarden, Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p396)
Lung Diseases, Obstructive - Any disorder marked by persistent obstruction of bronchial air flow.
Meconium Aspiration - Syndrome caused by sucking of thick meconium into the lungs, usually by term or post-term infants (often small for gestational age) either in utero or with first breath. The resultant small airway obstruction may produce respiratory distress, tachypnea, cyanosis, pneumothorax, and/or pneumomediastinum.
Pneumonia - Inflammation of the lungs.
Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis - A chronic lung disease characterized by dyspnea, productive cough, chest pain, weakness, weight loss, and hemoptysis, and by the filling of the distal alveoli with a bland, eosinophilic, proteinaceous material that prevents ventilation of affected areas. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Pulmonary Edema
Pulmonary Embolism - Embolism in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches.
Pulmonary Eosinophilia - A disease characterized by pulmonary infiltrations of eosinophils and blood eosinophilia.
Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive Disease - Obstruction of the small- and medium-sized pulmonary veins by fibrous proliferation of the intima and media or by thrombosis or a combination of both.
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult - A syndrome of life-threatening progressive pulmonary insufficiency in the absence of known pulmonary disease, usually following a systemic insult such as SURGERY or major TRAUMA.
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn - A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
Scimitar Syndrome - Anomalous venous drainage of the right lung into the inferior vena cava, with hypoplasia of the right lung. The scimitar-shaped radiographic shadow of the anomalous vein gives the syndrome its name.
Silo Filler's Disease - Pneumonia or bronchiolitis caused by inhalation of nitrogen dioxide released by silage.

Lung Diseases Definitions and Terms

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