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Mitosporic Fungi

Definition: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
Notes: GEN or unspecified; prefer specifics; infection = MYCOSES or specific mycosis (IM)
Also Called: Hyphomycetes
Previously Indexed: Fungi (1966-1972)

Mitosporic Fungi Categories.
Acremonium - A mitosporic fungal genus with many reported ascomycetous teleomorphs. Cephalosporin antibiotics are derived from this genus.
Alternaria - A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including several plant pathogens and at least one species which produces a highly phytotoxic antibiotic. Its teleomorph is Lewia.
Aspergillus - A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
Blastomyces - A genus of onygenacetous mitosporic fungi whose perfect state is Ajellomyces (see ONYGENALES). The species Blastomyces dermatitidis (perfect state Ajellomyces dermatitidis) causes blastomycosis.
Botrytis - A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
Candida - A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Chrysosporium - A mitosporic Onygenaceae fungal genus which causes adiaspiromycosis, a pulmonary mycosis of man and rodents. One of its teleomorphs is Ajellomyces.
Cladosporium - A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including some economically important plant parasites. Teleomorphs include Mycosphaerella and Venturia.
Coccidioides - A mitosporic fungal genus which causes COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
Colletotrichum - A genus of mitosporic Phyllachoraceae fungi which contains at least 40 species of plant parasites. They have teleomorphs in the genus Glomerella (see PHYLLACHORALES).
Cryptococcus - A mitosporic Tremellales fungal genus whose species usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycellium. Teleomorphs include Filobasidiella and Fidobasidium.
Epidermophyton - A fungal genus which grows in the epidermis and is the cause of TINEA.
Exophiala - A normally saprophytic mitosporic Chaetothyriales fungal genus. Infections in humans include phaeohyphomycosis, peritonitis, and chromoblastomycosis. Exophiala jeanselmei (previously Phialophora jeanselmei) is an etiological agent of maduromycosis.
Fusarium - A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.
Geotrichum - A mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungal genus, various species of which have been isolated from pulmonary lesions. Teleomorphs include Dipodascus and Galactomyces.
Gliocladium - A mitosporic fungal genus occurring in soil or decaying plant matter. It is structurally similar to Penicillium.
Helminthosporium - A mitosporic fungal genus including both saprophytes and plant parasites.
Histoplasma - A mitosporic Onygenales fungal genus causing HISTOPLASMOSIS in humans and animals. Its single species is Histoplasma capsulatum which has two varieties: H. capsulatum var. capsulatum and H. capsulatum var. duboisii. Its teleomorph is AJELLOMYCES capsulatus.
Madurella - A mitosporic fungal genus that causes MADUROMYCOSIS (mycetoma) in humans. Madurella grisea and M. mycetomatis are the etiological agents.
Malassezia - A mitosporic fungal genus that causes a variety of skin disorders. Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) causes TINEA (pityriasis) VERSICOLOR.
Microsporum - A mitosporic Oxygenales fungal genus causing various diseases of the skin and hair. The species Microsporum canis produces TINEA CAPITIS and tinea corporis, which usually are acquired from domestic cats and dogs. Teleomorphs includes Arthroderma (Nannizzia). (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th edition, p305)
Paecilomyces - A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. Its teleomorph is Byssochlamys.
Paracoccidioides - A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
Penicillium - A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include Eupenicillium and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
Phialophora - A mitosporic fungal genus. Phialophora verrucosa is a cause of chromomycosis (CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS). Ophiobolus is the teleomorph of Phialophora.
Rhizoctonia - A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.
Rhodotorula - A red yeast-like mitosporic fungal genus generally regarded as nonpathogenic. It is cultured from numerous sources in human patients.
Scedosporium - A mitosporic fungal genus previously called Monosporium. Teleomorphs include PSEUDALLESCHERIA.
Sporothrix - A mitosporic Ophiostomataceae fungal genus, whose species Sporothrix schenckii is a well-known animal pathogen. The conidia of this soil fungus may be inhaled causing a primary lung infection, or may infect independently via skin punctures.
Stachybotrys - A mitosporic fungal genus including one species which forms a toxin in moldy hay that may cause a serious illness in horses.
Trichoderma - A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
Trichophyton - A mitosporic fungal genus and an anamorphic form of Arthroderma. Various species attack the skin, nails, and hair.
Trichosporon - A mitosporic fungal genus causing opportunistic infections, endocarditis, fungemia, and white PIEDRA (T. beigelii).
Verticillium - A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.

Mitosporic Fungi Definitions and Terms

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