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Eye Abnormalities

Definition: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the eye; may also be hereditary.
Notes: do not use /congen & do not coord with INFANT, NEWBORN, DISEASES; these are structural abnorm: EYE DISEASES, HEREDITARY is also available
Previously Indexed: Eye/abnormalities (1977-1989),specific eye heading/abnormalities (1977-1989)

Eye Abnormalities Categories.
Aniridia - A congenital abnormality in which there is only a rudimentary iris. This is due to the failure of the optic cup to grow. Aniridia also occurs in a hereditary form, usually autosomal dominant.
Anophthalmos - Congenital absence of the eye or eyes.
Blepharophimosis - The abnormal narrowness of the palpebral fissure in the horizontal direction caused by the lateral displacement of the medial canthi of the eyelids. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Coloboma - Congenital anomaly in which some of the structures of the eye are absent due to incomplete fusion of the fetal intraocular fissure during gestation.
Ectopia Lentis - Congenital displacement of the lens resulting from defective zonule formation.
Hydrophthalmos - Congenital open-angle glaucoma that results from dysgenesis of the angle structures accompanied by increased intraocular pressure and enlargement of the eye. Treatment is both medical and surgical.
Microphthalmos - Congenital or developmental anomaly in which the eyeballs are abnormally small.
Retinal Dysplasia - Congenital, often bilateral, retinal abnormality characterized by the arrangement of outer nuclear retinal cells in a palisading or radiating pattern surrounding a central ocular space. This disorder is sometimes hereditary.

Eye Abnormalities Definitions and Terms

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