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Dentistry

Definition: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
Notes: specialty; /instrum = DENTAL INSTRUMENTS; DENTAL EQUIPMENT or other specifics; /legislation & jurisprudence = LEGISLATION, DENTAL or DENTISTRY (IM) + JURISPRUDENCE (IM) or FORENSIC DENTISTRY; /man permissible but consider also DENTISTS /supply; veterinary

Dentistry Categories.
Air Abrasion, Dental - A technique using a pneumatic, high-pressure stream of aluminum oxide to remove DENTAL ENAMEL; DENTIN; and restorative materials from teeth. In contrast to using DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT, this method usually requires no dental anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, DENTAL) and reduces risks of tooth chipping and microfracturing. It is used primarily for routine DENTAL CAVITY PREPARATION.
Dental Bonding
Dental Care - The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Dental Debonding - Techniques used for removal of bonded orthodontic appliances, restorations, or fixed dentures from teeth.
Dental Equipment - The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
Dental High-Speed Technique
Dental Models
Dental Occlusion - The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
Dental Pins - Small cylindrical pieces of metal used to enhance retention.
Dental Polishing - Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Dental Stress Analysis - The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Dentistry, Operative - That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
Diagnosis, Oral - Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
Electrogalvanism, Intraoral
Endodontics - A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
Esthetics, Dental - Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
Infection Control, Dental - Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
Jaw Relation Record - A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
Mouth Rehabilitation
Oral Medicine - A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)
Orthodontics - A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).
Pathology, Oral - A dental specialty concerned with pathology of the oral cavity.
Periodontics - A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
Preventive Dentistry - The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
Prosthodontics - A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing teeth and structures by artificial devices or prostheses.
Surgery, Oral - A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
Technology, Dental - The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
Tooth Preparation - Procedures carried out with regard to the teeth or tooth structures preparatory to specified dental therapeutic and surgical measures.
Tooth Remineralization - Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.

Dentistry Definitions and Terms

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